الخميس، 30 يونيو، 2011

FAMOUS QUOTES FROM FAMOUS FREETHINKERS









لماذا ساويرس الأن؟

















اشتعلت الحرب بين السلفيين ونجيب ساويرس بعد نشره صورتين لميكي ماوس على صفحته الخاصة في موقع التواصل الاجتماعي تويتر، رسم على إحداها رجلا بلحية وجلباب، وعلى الأخرى امرأة منتقبة






 مما أثار استياء الكثيرين، قبل أن يقوم ساويرس بإزالة الصورة، وأكد أنه كان يقصد أن هذا الكاريكاتير صورة طريفة، ولا تمثل استهزاء بالدين الإسلامي، لكن هذا الاعتذار تم رفضه من جانب التيار السلفي






و أنا سوف أعلق على ذلك من خلال أقتباس + صورة + فيديو






أولاً: الأقتباس:-


هذا الكلام مقتبس من هذا المصدر : http://on.fb.me/ljYuXt

لما صبحي صالح سخر من المرأة المسلمة الغير إخوانية وإستخدم آيه قرآنية بإنها هي الأدنيرفعتوا صوره و عملتوا صفحات للدفاع عنه و معتبرتوهاش اهانة للمسلمات
و لما الشيخ يعقوب قال فى خطبة غزوة الصناديق اللى مش عاجبه يهاجر امريكا و كندا و ده فيه اهانة لكل من قال "لا" سواء مسلم او مسيحى و طلع قال كنت بهزر بعد ما تسبب فى اثارة الفتنة و الكراهية بين المسلمين و المسيحيين كله سكت و قولتوا معلش هزاااار
و لما الشيخ حازم شومان شتم و اهان البرادعى و اتهمه بالعمالة و الخيانة و الكفر و بعدين طلع قال انا اسف اصلى مكنتش فاهم..قولتوا معلش ميقصدش
و لما تم نشر صورة فى الاهرام يوم 14 يونيو فيها سخرية من اللحية كله عمل نفسه مش واخد باله
لكن دلوقتى لما ساويرس حط صورة و مسحها بعدها على طول و اعتذر كله عايز يقاطعه و نسيتوا ان فيه ملايين من المسلمين و المسيحيين بيشتغلوا فى استثماراته و لو هو خسر الناس دى مش هتلاقى تاكل و هتترمى فى الشارع..و نسيتوا ان "عفا الله عمّا سلف" و نسيتوا ان ديننا دين سماحة و نسيتوا الآية الكريمة: وَإِنْ جَنَحُوا لِلسَّلْمِ فَاجْنَحْ لَهَا وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ
و للعلم انا مش بدافع عن ساويرس ولا بقول انه مغلطش...لا هو غلطان بس مش عشان غلط نعلقله حبل المشنقة...فيه طرق كتير للرد عليه و أولها القضاء..لكن انا مرضاش ان اخى المسلم يتضرر من المقاطعة ولا أرضى ان مسيحى محترم غير مسئول عن غلط ساويرس انه يتضرر من المقاطعة فى لقمة عيشه
دى حتى مقاطعة منتجات الدنمارك محدش التزم بيها مع ان اساءتهم للرسول و المسلمين لا تقارن اطلاقا بالصورة اللى حطها ساويرس و كانوا فعلا يستاهلوا المقاطعة
و انا شايفة ان اللى يخلى الناس تتجاوز عن كل الاهانات اللى فوق دى و تيجى عند ساويرس و يفرموه..ده ملوش غير مبرر واحد ... إن دى حملة لضرب الحزب بتاعه فى الانتخابات المقبلة





ثانياً : الصورة :-










ثالثاً : الفيديو:-









و أخيراً أدعو الجميع الى الأشتراك فى هذه الصفحة من خلال الضغط على زر Like ، ثم الضغط على زر Share





الأحد، 26 يونيو، 2011

دراسة موثقة بأحصائيات توضح ان الدين يتقلص تأثيره فى أمريكا عبر التعليم الجيد و التثقيف














فى مقالة كنت كتبتها من فترة بعنوان ( لماذا الأديان فى طريقها الى الأنقراض ؟ ) توضح ان الدول التى تتركز فيها أمكانية الحصول على المعلومات بسهولة و يسر هى التى يتزايد فيها معدلات الإلحاد.

و هذا الفيديو الذى وجدته مؤخراً على اليوتيوب بتاريخ 25 يونيو 2011 يوضح نفس فكرة المقالة السابقة و لكن فى دولة الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية تحديداً.

و خلاصة الدراسة تؤكد على ان زيادة معدل التعليم و التثقيف يقلل من التأثير الديني.


أتركم مع الفيديو ، و الترجمة أسفله ........









0:00
I've chosen an unusual paper for my next journal club discussion. It's a sociological study
0:06
inspired by qdragon's recent response to the Discovery Institute. The DI are asserting
0:12
that there is a strong atheist bias among biologists, and that this bias creates an
0:17
atmosphere hostile to theists, who account for only 10% of biology professors.
0:22
I think this is wrong on several levels, and I want to present this survey data in support
0:27
of why I think so.
0:29
The title is "The Religiosity of American College and University Professors", the authors
0:35
are sociologists from George Mason and U of BC and it presents an analysis of a 2006 survey
0:43
of professors from across the United States. I'm going to skip on the usual areas of the
0:48
paper such as abstract and introduction, and I'm going to only briefly describe the methods,
0:54
because the interesting points here are in the Results or Data section, and the authors'
0:59
Conclusion.
1:00
The survey subjects were selected using existing databases of degree granting institutions,
1:05
where one professor from each category of study was selected at each institution. The
1:11
data were stratified to include both elite and non-elite education settings, from Harvard
1:16
and MIT to community colleges. Elite status was determined by the US News and World Report
1:22
rankings.
1:24
Medical and law schools were excluded, as the purpose was to focus on undergraduate
1:28
degree granting institutions. This will obviously exclude the bulk of medical researchers, who
1:34
work at medical centers or schools and research institutions, rather than at 4 year undergrad
1:37
institutions.
1:39
The response rate was 51 percent, which is excellent for this type of survey, and the
1:44
total number of cases used is 1,417. They randomly conducted phone surveys with 100
1:52
nonresponders to determine if there was any bias in responders.
1:57
Here are the results: Table 1 is a belief in God survey. The selection
2:01
of responses was different from studies I've seen in the past, but strong atheists account
2:06
for 9.8 percent, agnostic atheists another 13.1 percent, and an interesting 19.2 percent
2:15
believe in a higher power, which could include pantheists, diests and other groups that classically
2:21
don't believe in a personal god. A good 51.5 percent of professors do believe in God, though,
2:28
even if they admit to some doubt.
2:30
Table 2 is interesting, as it breaks out Table 1 by disciplinary field. The most godless
2:36
groups are psychology and mechanical engineers by far, and the most religious are in finance,
2:43
accounting and elementary education. I'll leave it up to you to pore over the data,
2:49
I want to move on to Table 4, which compares religious orientation by institution type
2:54
and by discipline.
2:55
Note that the non-elite doctoral degree granting schools actually had the highest non-religious
3:01
responses, and the elite institutions show a broad distribution of different views. In
3:07
the disciplines, experimental sciences show the highest non-religious rates, but the social
3:12
sciences and humanities have similar numbers. Only the health fields show a substantial
3:17
proportion of traditional religious views.
3:20
Table 5 shows that the largest religious affiliation of professors is none, with 31.2% claiming
3:28
no particular group. 15.9% are Catholic, followed by the usual slew of different flavors of
3:34
Christian or Jewish and a few Buddhists, Muslims and Hindus thrown in. I'm willing to bet that
3:40
this same result would not be obtained if medical schools or research institutions were
3:45
included in the survey, where Hindus and Buddhists are very heavily represented.
3:50
Table 6 is regressions coefficients between a variable and a survey result. Negative values
3:56
here represent an inverse relationship, positives a direct. Stars indicate significant correlations.
4:05
For example, if you have a PhD, you are significantly less likely to claim a religious affiliation.
4:13
If you are married, you are more likely to attend church, but if you are white, you are
4:17
less likely. If you are from the NorthEast or West, you are less likely to accept the
4:22
literal truth of the Bible. And it you are a researcher of any kind, you are very, very
4:28
likely not to hold traditional religious views.
4:31
I leave it to you to read the full conclusion of the authors. I've chosen just a few of
4:36
my favorites: "But the hypothesis that the university is
4:40
a secular institution because of the irreligious tendencies of the faculty does not withstand
4:47
empirical scrutiny: it is a secular institution despite the fact that most of
4:53
its key personnel are themselves religious believers."
4:57
Here's another great one: "In light of our findings, one such [secularizing]
5:00
mechanism that might be hypothesized to existóthat students become more secular as their atheist
5:06
professors call into question the value of religionóseems implausible as a broad generalization.
5:12
If anything, our finding that the most secular professors are those focused primarily on
5:17
researchóa minority of all professors ó would suggest that the bulk of the teaching
5:21
function in American colleges and universities is being carried out by academics who are
5:26
personally sympathetic to religion, albeit not in its most traditional forms."
5:32
So, the old narrative about the evil atheist professor corrupting the youth of America
5:37
into godless socialist intellectualism isn't well supported by the demographic survey data.
5:43
Most professors are religious, just not to the same degree or in the same way as America
5:49
as a whole. Married professors are significantly more likely to regularly attend church and
5:55
professors of applied health like nursing or business professors are also more likely
6:00
to be traditionally religious, while professors with a doctoral level degree are less likely
6:06
to be religious.
6:08
In just the elite institutions, Only 1% of professors describe themselves as "born again",
6:13
while 13% describe themselves as Jewish, which is the opposite trend at non-elite institutions
6:21
like community colleges, where Born again Christians may represent up to a quarter of
6:25
the professors.
6:28
Only 5.7 percent of all responders were Biblical literalists, 39.5% believed it to be divinely
6:36
inspired, with 48.3% believing the Bible to be ìan ancient book of fables, legends, history,
6:43
and moral precepts.î
6:46
It's true that researchers and physical science professors, who rely heavily on empirical
6:51
data and evidence in their daily work, are a bit less likely to be accepting of a faith
6:56
based religious belief, and much less likely to accept biblical accounts as literally true.
7:02
If the Discovery Institute believes that studying biology and the modern evolutionary synthesis
7:08
automatically leads to atheism, I think they need to explain what about studying psychology
7:14
or sociology or even engineering leads people down that same path. The data really suggests
7:21
that the higher echelons of learning and education are inherently less religious or at least
7:26
less traditionally religious.
7:29
I'm sure that's not the narrative they want. Fortunately for them, they show an amazing
7:34
ability to live in their own imagined reality, rather than the world you or I actually inhabit.
7:41
Thanks for watching.

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تحديث بتاريخ 6 نوفمبر 2011

للأمانة العلمية ، لقد وجدت اليوم دراسة تناقض الدراسة المذكورة أعلاه عن تأثير التعليم فى الأيمان الديني بالولايات المتحدة الأمريكية

University of Nebraska-Lincoln (2011, August 8). Education affects Americans' religiosity -- but not how you might think. ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 6, 2011, from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110808124245.htm